Canada has always generated more waste compared to other countries of its class since early 90’s. Some of the leading causes of high waste generation include a high rate of urbanization, high-end lifestyle, as well as changing types and patterns of food consumption. The high level of waste generation has led to an increase in the companies offering the waste management services in the country. The increasing number of businesses, institutions, and household that produce waste every day also calls for the increase in the number of waste management services providers.
About Waste Management
Waste management and waste disposal services include all the activities that happen during inception to the last stage of destruction. The process of managing waste may include collection, transport, treatment procedures, and the final disposal. Some companies may conduct waste audits to help determine the type of waste they produce and the quantities. The waste audit helps an organization reduce the volume of their waste through various methods such as recycling or reusing.
Waste Disposal Methods
The municipal and the local government regulate waste disposal services industry by setting the amount of garbage generated by residents, controlling the various ways of managing waste and determination of the waste collection fee. The Canadian government together with the Canadian Environment Protection Act allows different waste management and disposal methods including:
• Reduce, Re-use and Recycle
The 3R’s waste management hierarchy involves the conversion of waste materials to a useful form. The three waste management practices lessen the volume of the landfills, minimize the use of energy and emission of greenhouse gas, as well as lowering air and water pollution rates. The government has always advocated for recycling as the best environment conservation method.
The method involves burying the waste material in a land to eliminate the bad odors and the dangers that come with the waste. However, landfills pose a threat to the soil and the water bodies due to the emission of methane and landfill gas. The government regulates what goes to the landfills to minimize the effects on the environment.
• Combustion and Thermal Treatment
Burning the waste material reduces its original volume, therefore, taking a smaller space on the landfills. Thermal treatment involves the conversion of solid waste into steam, ash, heat energy, or ash.
The three are the most common methods of waste management by the waste disposal services providers. Other ways of managing waste include composting, plasma gasification, conversion of non-recyclable materials to energy, and source reduction.
A waste management services provider should have environment conservation in mind while disposing of the waste. Canadian residents should also work on reducing the volume of their household and commercial waste. Everyone should employ various waste recycling techniques before throwing away the trash.